Migration and refugee protection in Central Asia discussed in Astana
The event was organized by the Analytical Center of the Library of the First President of Kazakhstan jointly with the Subregional coordination office of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Central Asia and the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Kazakhstan in the framework of the Almaty process on refugee protection and international migration.
During the "round table" the special attention was paid to the protection of the rights of migrants and their integration into the society for a positive economic impact for their countries of origin and destination, and to the need to strengthen cooperation in the fight against human trafficking.
According to the IOM, every seventh person in the world is a migrant, including 214 million international migrants and 740 million internal migrants. According to the statistics of the International Labour Organization, the illegal profits derived from the human trafficking account for more than 150 billion dollars a year. About 21 million people are subject to forced labor.
Vice-Minister of Health and Social Development of Kazakhstan Birzhan Nurymbetov noted that due to the global economic crisis and new geopolitical trends migrant and refugees’ problems require serious discussion.
"Nowadays it is necessary to strengthen the cross-border cooperation in the field of labor migration, to increase control over the borders, to work on the integration of migrants into the society and to develop effective laws in the area of migration, taking into account the international norms", B. Nurymbetov commented.
In conclusion, the participants agreed to continue the multilateral cooperation aimed at solving the problems of irregular migration, human trafficking and the protection of migrants' rights in Central Asia.
We remind that the Almaty process is a constant dialogue platform initiated by Kazakhstan in 2011. Its purpose is to address the problems of refugees and international migration in a regional format, and in a global perspective. Kazakhstan was elected the first chairman of the Almaty process. Permanent participants of the Almaty process, in addition to our country, are Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. Iran and Pakistan have the observer status.