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10 Октября, 2019 11:03

Nobel winners in chemistry named

The Nobel prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists John B Goodenough, M Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for their work in developing lithium-ion batteries, Strategy2050.kz refers to TheGuardian.com.

Nobel winners in chemistry named | Strategy2050.kz

John B Goodenough of the University of Texas at Austin, M Stanley Whittingham of Binghamton University and Akira Yoshino of Meijo University will receive equal shares of the 9m Swedish kronor (£740,000) prize, which was announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.

At 97 years old, Goodenough is the oldest laureate to receive a Nobel prize in any discipline; Whittingham is the second British-born researcher to win a science Nobel this year.

Lithium-ion batteries have long been tipped for the award, not least since they have proved pivotal in the development of the high-tech world we inhabit.

Far lighter and more compact than earlier types of rechargeable battery, and able to hold their charge for longer, they are found in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric cars.

Batteries work by turning chemical energy into electricity. A typical battery is made up of two electrodes, an anode and a cathode, which are usually separated by a liquid that can carry charged particles.

Both electrodes are connected to an electrical circuit. When the battery is powering an electrical device, electrons travel from the anode to the cathode through the electrical circuit, while positively charged ions move through the electrolyte. In a rechargeable battery, energy can be put into the device to reverse this process.

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