Kazakh experts discuss situation in Afghanistan
The expert discussion that was held under the auspices of the Kazakhstan Council on Foreign Relations and gathered Omirtai Bitimov, former Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Kazakhstan to Afghanistan (2011-2018), Erlan Karin, Chair of the Kazakhstan Council on Foreign Relations, Sultan Akimbekov, Director of the Institute of Asian Studies, author of "The Afghan Knot and Security Problems in Central Asia" (1998, 2003) and "History of Afghanistan" (2015).and Sanat Kushkumbayev, Deputy Director of the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies.
After the Taliban took control over the capital city of Kabul, President Ashraf Gani flew out of the country, which he said was to avoid bloodshed in the country.
Kabul airport saw big crowds of Afghans trying to leave the country, but all flights were canceled. Foreign embassies said they would evacuate their nationals.
Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev held the second meeting on Afghanistan on Monday in Akorda telling the country’s security forces and the government to keep a close eye on the situation and ensure the country’s citizens, including the embassy personnel, is safe.
Omirtai Bitimov, who previously served as Ambassador to Afghanistan, said the current situation has been a long time coming.
Taliban ruled Afghanistan between 1996 to 2001. With the Taliban taking power, women, who achieved significant progress protecting their rights over the past 20 years, are in fear their rights could be infringed. Under the Taliban regime, previously women were not allowed to work, study and could only go out accompanied by a male relative.
“Many thought the regime would fall after Americans withdraw their troops. Basically, it was supported by (American) forces and the budget was supported by donors. Over these 20 years, there were changes in society, education, and culture, significant changes. But at the same time, the regime relied heavily on external actors. There was no desire to protect (country). The regime discredited itself with high levels of corruption, interreligious and ethnic conflicts,” said Bitimov.
Whether the Taliban regime changed is a question that remains unanswered, according to Sanat Kushkumbayev, Deputy Director of the Kazakh Institute of Strategic Studies.
People rush to leave the country
“The main question in the form of the regime is whether it is an Islamic emirate which means previous elements, including Shariat. This also concerns Central Asian neighbors that are secular states. The very presence of an Islamic emirate is a pool factor for radicals in different parts of the world and Central Asia. This is what has been in Syria,” said Kushkumbayev.
The current situation could also cause significant migration flows.
While commercial flights are suspended, the airport in Kabul is in chaos.
“First, educated Afghans, and the rest will remain in an archaic confined territory whose borders will be under control. Main migration flows will go through Iran, I think,” said Sultan Akimbekov, Director of the Institute of Asian Studies.
84 people from the Afghan Armed Forces were detained at the border between Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. The Afghan military personnel, however, did not resist the detention and asked for help, including medical assistance for three people that were wounded.
What comes next?
Al Jazeera reported on Monday quoting Mohammad Naeem, a spokesman for Taliban’s political office, who said that the group does not want to be in isolation and that the group will speak about the type and form of the new government in Afghanistan soon.
The United Nations Security Council is expected to meet later on Monday to discuss the situation in Afghanistan.