Code of Conduct towards Achieving a World Free of Terrorism: one more initiative of Kazakh President
On 28 September, 2018 the UN headquarters witnessed the signing ceremony of another international initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev - the Code of Conduct towards Achieving a World Free of Terrorism. This document development was carried out within the framework of the initiative of N. Nazarbayev in September 2015 during the 70th session of the UN General Assembly.
This year’s 73rd session of the UN General Assembly in New York was devoted to the "Maintenance of international peace and security: non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction". On the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, the Kazakh delegation leading by Foreign Minister Kairat Abdrakhmanov held a number of bilateral meetings with UN officials, foreign ministers and representatives of American and international business, including with UN Secretary-General António Guterres, Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias, Executive Secretary of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Lassina Zerbo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho, and others. Also the Kazakh Minister participated in various meetings in a multilateral format.
Presentation of the Code of Conduct "Towards Achieving a World Free of Terrorism" became the central event for Kazakhstan. The signing ceremony of the Code was held in the format of a special high-level event. The Code was signed by the Foreign Ministers and high representatives of more than seventy states of the world.
The document was presented by Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kairat Abdrakhmanov. He stressed the main objectives of the document - giving impetus to the practical implementation of a wide range of international obligations on counter-terrorism and the establishment of a broad global coalition for a world free of terrorism by 2045. The Code recognizes for the first time the interdependence of security, counter-terrorism and development, and thus contributes to the promotion of the Sustainable Development Goals.
The audience highly appreciated the initiative of Astana to prepare the Code of Conduct, and also stressed the successful activities of Kazakhstan in the UN Security Council, including the leadership of three sanctions committees related to the fight against terrorist structures.
Other speakers also noted the adoption of the Code as an important step in strengthening international cooperation and the UN counter-terrorism architecture. According to the participants of the meeting, the document will become an important basis for strengthening international instruments and cooperation in the fight against terrorism. The Code of Conduct deserves the collective support of the entire international community and, in this regard, it is hoped that the number of countries joining it will increase in the foreseeable future. The participants also stressed the need to implement the practical implementation of the Codex postulates, the fulfillment of the obligations contained therein.
In view of the UN Secretary-General constructive role of Kazakhstan in the UNSC is of the most immediate interest.
“We highly appreciate Presidential initiatives which are backbones of the peace. Kazakhstan in UNSC is a voice of wisdom and a bridging supporter”, António Guterres stated.
For reference: By contrast with 19 voluminous international sectoral conventions on combating terrorism, the Code of conduct is a capacious document that contains 10 simple and understandable postulates - obligations in the field of combating terrorism:
1. To give impetus to the practical implementation of a wide range of international obligations on counterterrorism;
2. Do not allow direct or indirect support of terrorist groups to achieve political or geopolitical goals;
3. To use comprehensive counter-terrorism measures and systematic steps to prevent terrorism and terrorist activities;
4. To apply comprehensive approaches to counter-terrorism, in particular, combining the main areas of the UN's activities - peace and security, sustainable development and humanitarian space;
5. To intensify collective efforts at the international level, including by exchanging data and information, providing mutual legal assistance and prosecuting those responsible or transferring them to the countries where the terrorist act was committed, on the basis of the principle of extradition or prosecution;
6. To intensify regional cooperation and coordination in such areas as the exchange of intelligence and information, strengthen border security, strengthen measures in the field of legal and criminal justice, ensure mutual exchanges and, where necessary, support, and exchange of best practices;
7. To take measures to prevent and counter the use of information and communication technologies, including the Internet, by terrorists and their supporters in order to commit, incite, hire, finance or plan terrorist acts, and to cooperate in order to develop and implement effective strategies against terrorist narratives to curb the spread of terrorist propaganda and promotion of peace, tolerance, coexistence and respect, as well as hindering all types of hatred, denigration and terrorism;
8. To carry out urgent concerted actions by the international community to combat terrorism and to resolve the conditions conducive to its spread, in particular:
- perform the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (GCTS);
- promote a three-pronged strategy, including: capacity building to strengthen the relationship between the fight against terrorism; use an innovative regional approach; and to strengthen coordination within the UN, in particular its working methods at headquarters and in the field, to increase efficiency and ensure greater transparency and accountability;
- strengthen further cooperation and coordination with the UN and its relevant structures;
- strive to find a consensus in order to reach an agreement on the conclusion of a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism in the next convenient practical timeframe.
9. To establish, through the Code of Conduct, a coalition of partners seeking the UN century to achieve a world free of terrorism.
10. To support efforts to enhance cooperation and implementation of obligations under the Code.
Following the results of the document’s signing the Minister thanked the signatories of the Code of Conduct. The UN member states were also presented with the concept of the Sixth Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, which will be held in Astana on October 10-11.
Photo by the press service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan
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