In his work Ch. Breyer compared a level and potential of green energy in Kazakhstan with different countries.
"Norway uses hydropower, also wind power. In Paraguay, hydropower is also used. In Costa Rica, solar, hydro, and bioenergy are used, this country is very rich in resources. Throughout the world, wind energy and hydropower are developing. India is a rapidly developing solar energy market, therefore it uses solar energy more", the Professor said.
The authors of the presentation simulated three scenarios of Kazakhstan's transition to the alternative energy with different levels of the sector integration. The results show that the existing energy system of Kazakhstan can be transformed into a system with 100% of the share of alternative energy until 2050.
The transition to alternative energy will help to solve the problem of water shortage, because the proposed model can generate energy.
"Kazakhstan mainly depends on coal. You have a hydroelectric station, there is oil and gas. Speaking of your country, it's solar energy. Kazakhstan in principle can use different types of energy, so that we can balance the sources, solar panels. Maybe in 20-30 years we will be replaced by gas. A lot of solutions are being developed from Europe, China", the scientist said.
It should be noted that the transition to renewable energy sources is a priority direction of Kazakhstan since 2011.
We remind that Astana is hosting the economic forum. The topic of the forum is "New Energy - New Economy". Over 4 thousand delegates from 100 countries are taking part in it.