In the Soviet Union, the role of the “testing venue” went to Semipalatinsk Test Site, located at the junction of East Kazakhstan, Karaganda and Pavlodar regions
The health impacts of radiation on inhabitants of the region were devastating.
More than 1.5 million people suffered from the tests at the Semipalatinsk Test Site
In August 1956,
more than 600 residents of Ust-Kamenogorsk city were hospitalized with radiation poisoning. Women living near the test site were more likely to give birth to children with chromosomal diseases (including Down's syndrome and other congenital health disorders).
Some 100,000 people in the area are still affected by radiation
Studies show elevated risks of cancer, and one of them suggests that the effects of radiation on cardiovascular health might be passed down from one generation to the next.
Led by author Olzhas Suleimenov, it joined thousands of people
Some interesting facts
In 1989, the number of explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site was reduced to 7 out of the planned 18. The last one was on October 19
The most active participants in this movement were medical scientists, graduates of KazNMU
The movement took part in demonstrations, protest marches, peace marches in Kazakhstan, Russia, America and Japan
Many cities and regions of Kazakhstan, also Russia, the USA, Italy, Japan, Turkey and other countries established its branches
Thanks to Suleimenov, the “Nevada Semipalatinsk” anti-nuclear movement was included in the World Memory of the World Register by the decision of UNESCO
On 2 December 2009, the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly declared 29 August the International Day against Nuclear Tests by unanimously adopting resolution 64/35.
By the Decree of the Government of Kazakhstan dated July 3, 2019, # 467, August 29 - the Day of closing the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site, was included in the list of holidays.