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3 answers to 3 important questions

  • General question
    • What is being done to increase the share of non-oil exports in total exports of the country?
      • Answer

        Under the realization of the State program of forced industrial and innovative development of Kazakhstan for 2010 - 2014 227 innovative projects have received grants to implement their ideas and development, the Ministry of Investment and Development of Kazakhstan reported on the results of 2014.

        "In general, over the past 5 years about 4,000 ideas and developments have been identified, 570 projects of them have been supported. According to the innovative grants more than 1,400 applications were processed, 227 innovative projects of them were granted ", the Ministry informed.

        However, in the course of implementation of the program of innovation grants the grantees paid 668.7 million tenge of taxes, manufactured products on 15.5 billion tenge, about 50% of which (7,7 billion tenge.) were sold for export. "According to the grantee, during the implementation of innovative grants 83 innovative patents were received, 4 trademarks were registered and 28 applications for security documents were submitted", the Ministry reported.

        It should be noted that the main purpose of the State program of forced industrial and innovative development of Kazakhstan for 2010-2014 is to ensure the sustainable and balanced economic growth through the diversification and increase its competitiveness.

        So, five years after the successful launch of the State Program entire legal framework was created, more than 50 laws were developed and amended, 3 new laws were adopted, such as  "On state support of industrial innovation," "About SEZ", "On energy efficiency and conservation".

        "Over the 5 - year period 23 sectoral programs for the development of priority sectors of the economy were adopted, Scheme of rational allocation of production capacity, the Map of Industrialization, 16 territorial development programs, business support programs. The most of the issues of infrastructure were resolved, support tools were started, business and investment climate were upgraded", the message reads.

        In turn, the diversification of the economy by accelerating the development of the manufacturing industry has begun. Since the beginning of the state program growth rates ahead of the manufacturing industry growth rate of the commodity sector of the economy.

        "Today, with the support of our Ministry built a complete system of tools to support innovative projects at all stages - from idea to design and develop them into production. Institute in the field of technological development is extensive development of innovation infrastructure, there are now eight regional industrial parks, 4 branch design offices, 21 commercialization offices at universities and research institutes, 5 international technology transfer centers, 3 national and 4 foreign venture capital funds ", the Ministry said.


    • What is being done for the implementation of "green technologies" in Kazakhstan?
      • Answer

        The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan has adopted a number of strategic objectives for the transition to "green economy", and these challenges serve as the basis of the joint project of the European Union and the United Nations Development Programme in support of Kazakhstan for the transition to a green economy model.

        "The project will last from 2015 to 2018. The project budget amounts to 7 million euros. Funding Agency - the European Union, the program is implemented by UNDP in cooperation with the Water Resources Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture. The main objective of the project is to demonstrate the European experience, European technologies in Kazakhstan conditions", - manager of the project "Support to Kazakhstan for the transition to a green economy model" Gulzhamal Issayeva said.

        Thus, pilot projects as well as projects to demonstrate green practices in Kazakhstan were launched in 2015 and 2016.

        "All 14 projects were launched in the end of 2015. Now we are working on it very hard, and by the autumn we plan to present some results, the figures of the project. In 2016, we launched a series of pilot projects in Almaty, Aktobe, Kyzylorda and Akmola oblasts. In Almaty region, the project will focus on utilities, drainage, in Kyzylorda oblast there is a project on the use of oasis irrigation, in Aktobe oblast - the automated system instrumentation on dams and development, in Akmola region - greenhouses in northern conditions", - she explained.

        In addition, these four projects plan to be presented at the international exhibition EXPO-2017.

        "We plan to present these projects at EXPO 2017 with concrete results, figures, models and calculations of economic and environmental sustainability", - she noted.


    • How much time does it require for Kazakhstan to transit to 12 years education system?
      • Answer

        It is the most important change in the education system and one of the key factors in the development of human resources. The need to transit to 12-year system is caused by several factors. One of the most relevant is integration into the world educational space.  According to the Council of Europe Declaration, 12-year system is recognized in 216 countries.

        Introduction of 12 years education system has two main objectives: children will go to school earlier and the number of educational programs in universities will be reduced.

        "6 year is the most appropriate age to go to school. The maximum number of brain synapses is active. After 6 years, it begins to shrink. It is scientifically proven. The OECD countries have long realized this", - Minister of Education and Science of Kazakhstan Yerlan Sagadiyev said.

        As the minister explained, the transition will be completed within 4 years.

        "Today, 150 thousand 6 years old children go to school, 180 thousand more don’t. We are implementing this program for these 180 thousand children", - said the Minister of Education.

        In this regard, the number of educational programs in universities will be reduced.

        "Many rectors of leading universities say that the first course brings revision of the school program. So, universities reduces the number of subjects", - said Ye. Sagadiyev.


    • How is the program "Affordable Housing 2020" realized?
      • Answer

        By the end of 2016 more than 600 thousand square meters of housing of Fundwill be put into operation under the program on the direction of the Real Estate Fund, Chairman of the Board of "Real Estate Fund "Samruk-Kazyna"JSC BolatPalymbetov said.

        "This year, the Real Estate Fund plans to realize new housing projects in Astana, Almaty, Karaganda, Shymkent, Aktau, Kyzylorda, Ust-Kamenogorsk. Just before the end of 2016. It is planned to put into operation more than 600 thousand square meters of housing of real estate fund", he said.

        It should be noted that under the program "Affordable Housing 2020" Real Estate Fund began the work on 15 housing projects with the total living area of approximately 660 thousand square meters, 542 thousand square metersof them are the area of housing of Real Estate Fund.

        "In 2013-2014, the Fund together with the private real estate developers have already put into operation the first three residential facilities in Aktobe, Taraz and Almaty suburban zone, total living area of 151 thousand square meters", B. Palymbetov said.

        In the last Address President of the country Nursultan Nazarbayev paid special attention to the issues of providing to Kazakhstani people with low incomes of social rental housing and the creation of favorable conditions for the acquisition of such housing.

        Also, according to the organizing committee of the Eurasian Congress of the construction industry, more than 6.8 million square meters of housing were put into operation in Kazakhstan in 2013. According to the information provided by the organization in recent years the construction industry of Kazakhstan shows the positive development, recovering from the crisis of 2008, and today is one of the most important and rapidly developing sectors in the country. For example, in 2013 the share of the construction industry in the GDP of Kazakhstan was 7%, more than 6.8 million square meters of housing was put into operation in the country, and the number of people employed in the industry was about 660 thousand people.


    • How effectively is the first five-year plan of the State program of forced industrial and innovative development executed?
      • Answer

        About 620 projects from 700 have been completed, 80% of them are come to the planned capacity within the Industrialization Map,Chairman of the Board of "Kazakhstan Institute of Industry Development"JSC Aidyn Kulseitovsaid at the briefing in CCS.

        "Overall, about 620 projects from 700 have been completed, 80% of them are come to the planned capacity. In this case 2/3 of them now work with 100-percent capacity. Another part works with the workload which they consider optimal", he said.

        Meanwhile, A. Kulseitov noted that recently Aktau bitumen plant, which was run with the participation of the President, came to 100% capacity.

        "The plant works day and night, it took eight months, the plant is new, technological processes have been just debugged, communications, manufacturing, marketing mixes are arranged. And today it has come to 100% capacity", he said.

        In addition, he said that only 2% of all projectsof industrializationare problematic. "There are proceedings, somewhere there are financial and economic problems, problems with the law enforcement agencies. But overall, the workloadof the enterprises is about 70-80%", Kulseitov said.

        Also, according to him, Kazakhstan has received 2.5 times more foreign direct investment (FDI) in the manufacturing industry than in all years of the independenceduring the first five years of the State Program of Forced Industrial-Innovative Development (SPFIID).

        "So the labor productivity in the manufacturing industry for 5 years has increased by 60%. It is in real terms. Foreign direct investment in the manufacturing industry during 4.5 years has been attracted 70% of all investments in the manufacturing industry. It is 2.5 times more than in all previous years of the Independence ", A. Kulseitov said.

        However, as the Chairman of the Board of "Kazakhstan Institute of Industry Development"JSC said, the manufacturing industry has become the most attractive sphere for foreign investorsthanks to the takenmeasures.


    • The Strategy "Kazakhstan-2050" focuses on the development of infrastructure in the country, including the construction of the main road and railways. What does the Government of Kazakhstan plan on order to carry out these tasks?
      • Answer

        The construction of five major road projects with a total length of 5,452 km will begin in Kazakhstanin accordance with the tasks of the President's Address, First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan BakytzhanSagintayevsaid at the meeting of nationwide coalition of democratic forces "Kazakhstan-2050" in order to discuss the Address of the President of Kazakhstan "Nurly Zhol - Path to Future ".

         

        "On behalf of the Presidentthe state program of infrastructure development for 2015-2019isdeveloped. The program will be adopted before the end of 2014. We work strenuously on it. The construction of five major road projects with a total length of 5,452 km will begin in Kazakhstanin accordance with the tasks of the President's Address. Such as Astana-Almaty - 1,300 km, Astana- Oskemen - 950 km, Astana,-Aktobe-Atyrau-Astarakhan - 1,600 km, Almaty-Oskemen - 712 km and Kyzylorda-Zhazgazgan-Karaganda-Pavlodar - 2790 km. The realization of the projects  onroad construction will create 200,000 new workplaces", he explained.

         

        At the same time, according to B. Sagintayevthe construction of the highway Western Europe-Western China willcontinue. The construction is expected to completeby the end of 2015. 321.3 billion tengewill be allocated for the construction and reconstruction of roads of national significance in directions Center-South, Center-East and Center-West. In particular, 178 billion tengewill be allocatedin 2015, and 143.3 billion tenge-in 2016.

         

        "46.2 billion tengewill be provided for the construction of railways and port infrastructure in the Caspian Sea through the capitalization of the fund "Samruk-Kazyna". In 2015 - 19.8 billion tenge, in 2016 - 6.4 billion tenge. Including the construction of the second railways in areas Shu-Almaty-1 - 27.7 billion tenge, railway line Borzhakty-Ersai - 6.7 billion tenge, in 2015",B.Sagintayev said.


    • In what way is the shortage of training seats and transfer of allschools on a two-shift training eliminated?
      • Answer

        “56 emergency schools will be eliminated by the end of this year as partof Emergency schools map’s implementation in Kazakhstan Deputy Prime Minister GulsharaAbdykalikova informed during the republican August meeting of education workersdedicated to the beginning of a new academic year.

        "As of August 1, 2014 176 emergencyschools work in the republic. 56 more emergency schools are expected to beeliminated until the end of this year," she said.

        The Minister of Education and Science ofKazakhstan Aslan Sarinzhipov declared full readiness for the new academic yearat a briefing in the Central Communications Service under the President  held on August 25, 2014.

         

        “Preparedness to the new academic year  wascarried out in all areas of the education system ", - assured the head of theMinistry .

        "By the beginning of the schoolyear we will introduce 76 new schools. 14 have already been built, two morewill be launched until September 1. Throughout, the upcoming 2014-2015 schoolyear will be introduced further 153 schools, “ Sarinzhipov added.

        At the same time, 153 schools will be introduced during the school year,in particular 60 - will be built instead of emergency and 12 - with the purposeto eliminate the three-shift schools. By 2017, most of the regions ofKazakhstan will be covered under the program of elimination of three-shift schools.

        “Meanwhile, network of day schools onthe latest data amounts to 7649 schools. "According to the forecasts inthis academic year, the contingent will be about 2.6 million children. This isabout 69,000 more than last year. Statistics show that this trend.


    • The first five-year plan of the FIID Program provides for anautomobile and aircraft manufacturing, production of locomotives, passenger andfreight cars. How are these tasks implemented?
      • Answer

        “70 new projects of engineering industry worth 200.8 billion tenge havebeen commissioned within the Industrialization Map in the period of 2010-2013and the first half of the year of 2014, the Minister of Investments andDevelopment of Kazakhstan Asset Issekeshev informed.

         

        Meanwhile another four projects have started in the first half of 2014. Thus TOYTA FORTUNERcars’ manufacture has launched in Kostanay region; plant for the production ofball valves- in the Karaganda region, the production of energy for theproduction of boiler equipment in North Kazakhstan and plant for the productionof electrostatic, bag filters, cyclones, scrubbers, raw coal feeders - in East Kazakhstanregion.

         

        According to the Minister, new engineering enterprisers have manufacturedproduction to the amount 119.5 billion tenge. This is almost 14 per cent in thetotal engineering volume."In general, more than 1 billion Eurosinvestment has been attracted in the engineering industry over four years.

        Investments, primarily in the form ofworld producers of engineering products GE, Alstom, Toyota, Simens, the head ofthe Ministry informed."In 2013 the share of automobilemanufacture in engineering increased 4 times compared with 2008 and amounted to18.3%., The domestic enterprises have produced more than 37,000 cars In 2013.It is almost 2 times higher than in 2012 and 11.6 times than in 2008,”Isekeshev said.

         

        Besides, A.Isekeshev added that underthe state program of industrial development for 2015-2019, sectors of automobilemanufacture, electrical, agricultural and railway equipment, equipment for themining and metallurgical complex, as well as equipment for the oil and the oilindustry will be a priority in the field of mechanical engineering. The state,in turn, "will provide new and existing businesses comprehensiveassistance."


    • The Concept of the Kazakhstan’s joining the top -30 club has long termpriorities including development of small and medium business. What measuresare taken to develop the small and medium-sized business?
      • Answer

        The Draft Law "On making amendments and addenda to some legislative actsof the Republic of Kazakhstan on issues of fundamental improvement of the businessenvironment in the republic” presented in Majilis in October.

        “The amendments aimed at maximum simplification of relations with thestate. The customs procedures are simplified maximally. Time of businessregistration also reduced to 1 hour and the requirement of a minimum capital of100 tenge is cancelled,” Deputy Minister of National Economy Uskenbayev informedpresenting the draft in the Majilis, "Deputy Minister of National EconomyK. Uskenbaev said at the presentation of draft in the Majilis.

        The draft provides for amendments and additions to the 11 codes and 94laws. "Itsadoption will create conditions for the development of entrepreneurship in theRepublic of Kazakhstan and the building of partnerships of government andbusiness, to form a favorable business climate with a transition from a policyof "identify and punish" to the policy of "prevention andpromotion of good business," the report of the relevant committee reads.

        I addition, there is increase of people involvedin entrepreneurships.

        “Thus, over nine months of 2014 numberof businessmen in Kazakhstan increased by 5% compared to the same period lastyear,” Chairman of the Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of NationalEconomy of Kazakhstan Alikhan Smailov announced at a briefing on the results ofsocio-economic development of Kazakhstan in January-September 2014 and thedemographic situation in the country.

        “As of October 1, 2014 the number of registered legal entities amountedto 350.8 thousand people and has increased in comparison with the correspondingperiod of the previous year by 5%,” he said.


  • Archive
    • What stages are provided for joining to the top-30 developed countries of the world?
      • Answer

        As the President Nursultan Nazarbayev noted in his Address, our movement towards the top 30 developed countries should proceed in two stages,

        The first stage embraces the period before 2030, during which we will have to make a modernization breakthrough using a window of opportunity in the 21st century. It requires Kazakhstan to achieve what the developed countries accomplished during the industrial boom of the last century. This is feasible. South Korea and Singapore followed this path. At this stage, we will ensure dynamic growth of our traditional sectors and create a strong manufacturing industry.

        During the second stage, between 2030 and 2050, we need to ensure sustainable development of the country on the principles of the knowledge-based economy. We will build a strong manufacturing industry. In our traditional sectors, we will move to high-end products. Engineering services will be developed as a basis for the knowledge-based economy.


    • When will the agglomeration plans for Astana and Almaty be developed?
      • Answer

        According to the Minister of Regional Development Bolat Zhamishev, agglomeration plans for Astana and Almaty until 2030 will be developed in 2014. The Ministry first of all will work out these issues with governors' offices.

        As per Almaty agglomeration it is necessary to develop a transport framework, create a world-class tourist center, and determine specialization for the existing satellite cities.

        "In terms of engineering infrastructure development water disposal system in satellite cities will be coordinated," B.Zhamishev told.

        Regarding the development of Astana agglomeration, it is planned to create a center of innovation and high technology in the field of "green energy", open educational medical cluster of international level.

         


    • What do OECD indicators, that became guidelines for joining to the top-30 club, mean?
      • Answer

        Today the member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) represent basic indicators of developed countries. This organization brings together 34 countries that produce more than 60 percent of global GDP.

        The OECD member countries have undergone the path of deep modernization. They now demonstrate high rates of investment, scientific research, productivity, a large share of small and medium-sized businesses, and high standards of living. These indicators of OECD countries provide a natural benchmark for Kazakhstan on our way to joining the top 30 developed nations of the world.

        In our economy, we plan to reach annual GDP growth not less than four percent. We should increase the volume of investment from the current 18 percent of the countrys GDP to 30 percent. The development of knowledge-based economy aims to see the share of non-oil products in Kazakhstan's export potential rise to 70 percent, the President noted in Address.

        According to the Head of State, the development of new high-tech sectors of the economy will require increase in financing of science to the minimum level of 3 percent of GDP. It is necessary to halve the energy intensity of the GDP.

        The main benchmarks of the social sector development until 2050 are provided in concrete indicators. We should increase by 4.5 times our GDP per capita, from $13,000 to $60,000. Kazakhstan will become a country where the middle class makes up a predominant share of the population, N. Nazarbayev said.


    • When will the problem of three-shift schools be solved in Kazakhstan?
      • Answer

        Head of the State in his Address to the nation said that over the next three years, until 2017, it is necessary to eliminate the problem of  lack of school seats and convert them into two-shift where it is necessary. He also instructed the Government and governors to allocate budget funds for this task.


    • What support will be provided to farmers in Kazakhstan in the form of SMEs?
      • Answer

        Kazakh President noted that the future lies with  the creation of a network of new processing enterprises in the agricultural sector, mainly in the form of small and medium-sized businesses.

        At the same time, farmers will receive direct access to long-term financing and markets without intermediaries. The establishment of an effective system of guarantees and insurance of loans to rural producers will be considered as well.

        According to the Head of State, Kazakhstan should become one of the major regional exporter of meat, dairy and other products of agriculture. 


    • When will the salary for education, health and social protection workers be increased?
      • Answer

        In Address to the Nation Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev has instructed the Government to develop and implement a new model of civil servants' reward since July 1, 2015.

        Salary increase will be provided to health workers up to 28%, education - up to 29%, social protection- 40%.


    • How is the task on meat export potential development, sounded out be the President implemented?
      • Answer

        As reported earlier, a complex plan on realization of cattle meat export potential development for 2011-2015 was worked out in 2011.

        According to Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, in line with biologic stages, 4 years are needed to reach the first outcomes of the project.

        In 2013, first lots of high quality meat from West Kazakhstan and Akmola region, were exported.

        Thus, 148 tons of meat was exported from feeding platform “Crown Batys” LLP. The farm plan to export 500 tons of meat to Russian market

        Moreover, LLP «Agro Export LTD» (Akmola) exported 6.1 tons of meat and meat products. "Semipalatinsk meat plant" has exported 3.2 tons of canned beef to Russia.


    • How will Kazakhstani soldiers partake in UN peacekeeping operations?
      • Answer

        As reported earlier, Members of Parliament supported the President's address on Kazakhstani soldiers' participation in UN peacekeeping missions.

        According to the Ministry of Defense 5 soldiers will be send as observance to the UN mission in Haiti, Western Sahara, Kot'dIvuare and Liberia.

        Observers do not participate in the conflict, not taking sides, strictly adhering to the principle of neutrality. They even sent to mission without weapons, as their main task is to monitor the situation and report to the UN.

        It is important to note, , a number of benefits , including salaries treble during their participation in the operation, additional annual leave , preferential seniority is provided for troops participating in peacekeeping operations.


    • How will the “Nur Otan” Party ‘s activity change given the transition to a new level ?
      • Answer

        According to acting Secretary of “Nur Otan” Party Bolat Bersebayev, work of the Party is getting to the new level

        The Doctrine voiced the Party will form the activity at the principles of the efficiency, transparency, accountability and responsibility. Thus, the design approaches and introduced continuous training of our employees were introduced in the headquarters of the party and branches to improve efficiency held automation system work party.

        In addition, the acting Secretary of the Party stressed a great attention is paid to outreach. Within the efficiency improvement, “electronic party” project is underway.


    • What global challenges are mentioned in the Strategy “Kazakhstan-2050”: New political course of the established state?
      • Answer

        President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev appealed to the Kazakhstani people with the Address “Strategy Kazakhstan-2050”: new political course of the established state” where sounded out ten global challenges of the XXI century.

        Today humankind faces new global challenges.

        I focus on ten key challenges for our country and region. To continue our path to success we must take into account each of the challenges to ensure our ongoing development.

        First challenge is the accelerating course of history

        The course of history has rapidly accelerated. The world is changing at a fascinating pace.

        Over the last 60 years the population of the Earth tripled and will reach nine billion people by 2050. During the same period the world’s GDP has increased 11 fold.

        The accelerating global course of history always opens up new opportunities for any country, and I’m proud that we have taken full advantage of them.

        Over the last 20 years we have modernized all areas of our society at a very high rate. We’ve done things that many other countries achieved in 100 or 150 years.

        However, we still have social groups that have not joined the overall modernization process.

        There are objective reasons for this: society still contains an imbalance that affects people’s moral and social expectations.

        We have to eliminate this disparity and provide all social groups with an opportunity to join the modernization process, find their adequate place in the society and take full advantage of the opportunities of the New political course.

        Second challenge is the global demographic imbalance

        The global demographic imbalance increases every day. Globally we are an ageing population.

        In 40 years the number of people above the age of 60 will exceed the number of children under 15. Low birth rates and aging in many countries inevitably cause problems on the labor market, including workforce shortage.

        Growing demographic imbalance generates new waves of migration and increases social tensions. In Kazakhstan, we face migration pressure in certain regions of the country where illegal immigrants destabilize local labor markets.

        We also should realize that we are very likely to deal with a reverse process – outflow of our labor force. We are a young nation. The average age of our country is 35 years. This provides us with a great opportunity to capitalize on our human potential and rightfully position ourselves in the world.

        So today we possess a substantial base to rely upon and grow further.

        Anyone searching for a job in our country can get employed. Moreover, everyone in Kazakhstan is able to generate a new job and take care of him or herself. That is our great achievement.

        I am leading you to a universal labor society where the unemployed will not just receive benefits, but will master new occupations, where disabled will be able to actively engage in creative activities and companies will ensure decent working conditions.

        Our youth should study, acquire new knowledge, master new skills and efficiently and skillfully deploy new technologies and expertise in their daily life.

        Third challenge is the global food security threat

        High rates of global population growth are contributing to the global shortage of food.

        Today millions of people starve; nearly a million people face constant food shortages. Without revolutionary changes in food production, these figures will only keep growing.

        This shortage in food presents a great opportunity for Kazakhstan. We have great opportunities in terms of that challenge.

        We are already among the top grain exporters in the world. We possess vast “green” territories that are capable of producing eco-friendly foodstuffs.

        To make this great leap forward in farm production we will need a new type of thinking in our state.

        Fourth challenge is the water shortage

        Global water resources are also under great pressure.

        In the last 60 years global demand for drinking water supplies has increased eight fold. By the middle of this century many countries will have to import water.

        Water remains a limited resource, so the fight for acquiring water is already becoming a critical geopolitical factor causing tensions and conflict in the world.

        Kazakhstan also faces an acute water supply issue. We lack high-quality drinking water. A number of regions face drinking water scarcity.

        There is a geopolitical aspect to this issue. We are already facing a serious issue of trans-boundary river use. Given the complexity of this problem, we should avoid politicizing it.

        Fifth challenge is the global energy security

        All developed countries are increasingly investing in alternative and green energy technology. Estimates indicate that by 2050 their usage will help generate up to 50% of the entire energy consumed.

        The era of hydrocarbon economy is coming to its end. We face the beginning of a new era where human activities will be based not so much on oil and gas, but on renewable energy sources.

        Kazakhstan is one of the key elements of global energy security.

        Having world-class oil and gas reserves, our country will not depart from its policy of reliable strategic partnerships and mutually beneficial international cooperation in the energy sector.

        Sixth challenge is the exhaustion of natural resources

        Combined with unprecedented population and consumption growth and the finite level of natural resources this will fuel both positive and negative outcomes.

        Kazakhstan has a number of advantages in this regard. We have been blessed with abundant natural resources and other countries will need to rely on us for their resource needs.

        It is critical that we reconsider our attitude to our natural wealth. We need to learn how to properly manage it, saving our export revenues and, most importantly, transforming our natural resources into sustainable economic growth that delivers maximum efficiency.

        Seventh challenge is the Third industrial revolution

        Mankind is at the threshold of the Third industrial revolution that will change the very notion of production. Technological discoveries are radically changing the structure and needs of international markets. We now live in a completely different technological reality.

        Digital and nanotechnology, robotics, regenerative medicine and many other kinds of scientific progress will become an ordinary part of life and transform not only the environment, but also human beings.

        Kazakhstan should actively seek to engage in these processes.

        Eighth challenge is the growing social instability

        One of the greatest problems in the world today is the increasing social instability. Its root cause is social inequality.

        Today over 200 million people in the world fail to find jobs. Even the European Union faces unemployment – with the highest rates in decades –provoking massive civil unrests.

        When we look at global employment conditions, we need to admit that the situation in Kazakhstan is in a pretty good shape. We have the lowest unemployment rate we have ever had in our history. Undoubtedly, it’s a great achievement. Yet we cannot rest on our laurels.

        The global economic crisis is transforming into a socio-political one, which will inevitably affect

        Kazakhstan and test our durability. Therefore one of the key issues on our agenda is social security and social stability. It is important that we strengthen our social stability.

        Ninth challenge is the crisis of our civilization’s values

        The world is undergoing an acute crisis of outlook and values. We increasingly hear voices heralding the clash of civilizations, the end of history and the failure of multiculturalism.

        It is critically important that we stay away from this kind of discourse, preserving our time-tested values. We know exactly how we turned what was called our Achilles heel – multi-ethnicity and multi-religious reality – into an advantage.

        We must learn to live in co-existence of cultures and religions. We must be committed to dialogue between cultures and civilizations. Only in dialogue with other nations our country will be able to succeed and gain influence in the future. In the 21st century Kazakhstan must strengthen its position of a regional leader and become the bridge for dialogue and interaction between East and West.

        Tenth challenge is the threat of a new global destabilization

        We are all witnessing what is happening today in the world. This is not a new wave of global destabilization, but the continuation of 2007-2009 financial crisis, from which the world economy has not yet recovered.

        The Global economic system may fail again as soon as 2013-2014, due to a fall in global commodities prices. Such scenario is highly undesirable for Kazakhstan.

        A recession in the EU and/or USA might lead to reduced demand for commodities in developed countries. Potential default by even one member of the Euro zone might provoke a “domino effect” and bring the safety of Kazakhstan’s international reserves and stability of our export deliveries into question.

        The reduction of currency reserves exacerbates the pressure on the currency rate and inflation, which again might have a negative impact on social and economic situation.

        Therefore we must develop a sound and coordinated policy for all power branches, for the state and society, to be fully prepared for any economic downturn in the international arena.


    • Does “Strategy Kazakhstan-2050” envisage social balance in development of the regions?
      • Answer

        “Strategy Kazakhstan-2050”: new political course of the established state”, which President Nursultan Nazarbayev addressed the people of Kazakhstan on December 14, 2012, envisages new principles of social policy.

        “International experience demonstrates that there is no perfect and universal model of social policy, just as there is no society where all citizens would be satisfied by the existing social system. Addressing the issues of social security and prosperity is a difficult and very serious task related to every citizen of Kazakhstan. Therefore there should be carefully thought out approaches,” Kazakh President told.

        Nursultan Nazarbayev stressed that we should focus on addressing social imbalance issues when it comes to developing regions.

        “Poor economic performance of a number of regions impedes employment and widens the gap between rich and poor. First of all, we need to enhance coordination among our government agencies in terms of regional development. We aim to synchronize the implementation of all Government and Industry programs by addressing priority issues of regional development,” President noted.

        The Government was given task to define and budget the list of necessary and prospective projects in the regions.

        “Over the past 12 months, we launched a single-industry town development program. Significant resources were allocated to create jobs, solve social problems and improve the work of local enterprises. We will improve the quality of local government. This work is under my personal control,” N. Nazarbayev said.

        According to the Head of State, at the same time, we need new effective mechanisms of leveling of social and economic conditions in the regions. In this regard, the Government, along with regional governors, were instructed to adopt a small town development program in 2013. It should become a long-term and create a whole range of sectoral projects in their bases. Their aim is to assist to building of a system of sectoral specialization of the regions, to become industrial and manufacturing of the satellite-towns of large agglomerations and, ultimately, increase the level of life of the local population and provide jobs for the village youth.

        Moreover, complex migration problems and issues of border territories were highlighted. 

        “We need to take measures to resolve complex migration problems that have an influence on labor markets in the regions of the country. We need to strengthen control on migration flows from the adjacent countries. As a prospective aim we are expected to create favorable conditions for the local qualified workforce in order to prevent their excessive outflow to the foreign labor markets. Special attention should be paid to Kazakhstan’s border territories. Their potential is not fully recovered yet. It is necessary to make them more attractive for living,” Nursultan Nazarbayev resumed.

        Government together with the Governors was tasked to develop a set of additional measures to address all issues


    • What top priorities of Kazakhstan are set out by the President in the Strategy -2050?
      • Answer

        Having appealed to the people of Kazakhstan in his Address “Strategy Kazakhstan-2050”: new political course of the established state” Nursultan Nazarbayev stressed : “By 2050 Kazakhstan must enter the top 30 club of most developed states in the world.”

        According to the President the competition among developing countries for a place in that club will be intense.

        “The nation must be ready to face changes in the global economic climate, realizing clearly that the desired spot is guaranteed only to those with the strongest economies.

        We must work with dedication and inspiration, not losing sight of our primary objectives: further developing and strengthening statehood, transitioning to new principles of economic policy, comprehensive support for entrepreneurship will be a leading force for the national economy, forming the new social model, creating modern and efficient education and healthcare systems, increasing accountability, efficiency and functionality of the state apparatus ,setting adequate international and military policy that is responsive to new challenges,” N. Nazarbayev stated


    • How many abandoned areas belonging to the government agencies in Kazakhstan?
      • Answer

        The Ministry of Finance of Kazakhstan inspected areas of 18.5 thousand government agencies and enterprises. The commission made decisions on 567 thousand square meters of areas. 47 thousand square meters of facilities were returned to the property owners.

        Social facilities will be built at 113 thousand out of 520 thousand square meters of areas. These will be kindergartens, mini centers, culture houses, schools, libraries, etc. Besides, 305 thousand square meters will be privatized,” the Minister resumed.


    • National lottery operator Institute will be opened in Kazakhstan, won’t be?
      • Answer

        It was proposed to establish National Lottery operator Institute during the submitting of the draft on “Lotteries and lottery activity” in the Majilis of the Parliament of Kazakhstan.

        The national lottery operator will be under the Kazakh Government authority and carry out lottery actions on behalf of the state on an equality with lottery organizers. Herewith, the profit will be allocated to mass sport development, including children sport and the construction of sport infrastructure in the regions of Kazakhstan


    • Will a single purchase center be established in Kazakhstan?
      • Answer

        Establishment of single organizer of public purchase is expected to be created in Kazakhstan in order to exclude risks under the public purchase. The relevant draft law was submitted to Majilis of Parliament of Kazakhstan.

        It is expected, the single purchase center will receive bids and all tender documentation of the public authorities, which are eager to take part in the competition.

        The establishment of such body will allow to exclude risks, concerning non-professionalism and non adequacy of tender commissions under the election of supply-winner. Besides it provide professional tender holding, choosing of supply, corresponding to all requirements and strengthen the control between customer and central organizer of purchases.


    • Will there be a cost of living raise in Kazakhstan?
      • Answer

        In order to improve the cost of living in the changing needs of the population of Kazakhstan, Ministry together with the International Labour Organization (hereinafter - ILO) carried out the work on the study of international experience in the calculation of the cost of living and the current methodology to determine the cost of living in Kazakhstan for the period from 2010 to 2012. According to the results of the studies method of determining the subsistence level used in the Republic of Kazakhstan, is consistent with international standards. National experts of Kazakhstan in 2012 presented the results of work on median income used as a criterion for social assistance in Kazakhstan, which is widely applied in European countries. As the result of the study, the national experts came to the conclusion that it’s inappropriate to use the median income for the determination of the poverty line and criterion for social assistance in Kazakhstan. Since this indicator is used for cross-country comparisons and monitoring of poverty. Also, the Concept of Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2030 has planned to increase the cost of living by 2017 due to the revision of its structure and expanding the range of the consumer basket, taking into account the economic capacity of the state. To date, the Ministry organized working group to develop proposals on improvement of cost of living. It consists of national and international experts. As the result, recommendations of working group will form the basis for further development of methods for determining the cost of living. The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection


    • How many schools will be constructed in 2013 according to the 200 schools program?
      • Answer
        In 2013, 159 schools are planned to construct (at the expense of the regional fund: 63 + 7 NIS schools, at the expense of the local budget: 89) - Head of the Information and Analytical Department Dina Sarsenova
    • How much is subsistence minimum in Kazakhstan?
      • Answer
        - Как сообщает Агентство по статистике РК, величина прожиточного минимума в среднем на душу населения, рассчитанная исходя из минимальных норм потребления основных продуктов питания, в июле 2013 года по сравнению с предыдущим месяцем уменьшилась на 0,9%. Однако по сравнению с июлем 2012 года величина прожиточного минимума увеличилась на 7,6%. В ее структуре доля расходов на приобретение мяса и рыбы занимала 22,1%, молочных, масложировых изделий и яиц 14,8%, фруктов и овощей 13,8%, хлебопродуктов и крупяных изделий 7,3%, сахара, чая и специй 2%." => "The subsistence minimum per capita, calculated on the basis of minimum standards of consumption of basic foodstuffs, decreased by 0.9% in July as compared with June, while compared to July 2012 it increased by 7.6%. Thus, the share of expenses for meat and fish was 22.1%, milk, oil, fat products and eggs - 14.8%, fruit and vegetables - 13.8%, bread and cereal products - 7.3%, sugar , tea and spices - 2%.
    • Earlier it was said that the quantity of allocated quotas for IVF in 2013 would be increased, was that true?
      • Answer
        16,755 marriages are registered in the republic in 2012. Thus, according to WHO experts, 5,026 people (30%) needs auxiliary reproductive technologies in the country. The similar situation is considered critical and influences demography, reduces the economic and social capacity of the state. For availability increase of highly specialized medical care in infertility treatment, since 2010 service of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) is included in the list of the guaranteed volume of free medical care. Within SMC across State Program, 2 396,3 million tenge are allocated for IVF. If in 2010 it was made 100 IVFs, in 2012 - 600. By 2015 this figure will be lead to 750. If in leading European clinics efficiency of IVF fluctuates within 35-40%, in our country this indicator is made 39% in 2011. Рress service of the Minstry of Health
    • How many educational institutions will be connected to the system of electronic training this year?
      • Answer
        The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (further - MES RK) in pursuance of point 55 of the Plan of measures for 2011-2015 on realization of the State program on development of education of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 (the I stage) realizes the project "Introduction of system of electronic training in the organizations of secondary, technical and professional education. The purpose of the project is providing equal conditions of access of all participants of educational process to high-quality educational services and resources on the basis of use of information and communication technologies. So far the project is introduced in 581 organizations of secondary, technical and professional education of 12 regions, the cities of Astana and Almaty. Electronic training includes the following IT infrastructure: wireless Wi-Fi, modern personal computers, laptops, multimedia projectors and digital podiums. Sets of the equipment consider 5 various types of the organizations of education: elementary, main, rural, city schools, colleges. National Information Technologies JSC
    • How many educational institutions will be connected to the system of electronic training this year?
      • Answer

        The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (further - MES RK) in pursuance of point 55 of the Plan of measures for 2011-2015 on realization of the State program on development of education of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 (the I stage) realizes the project "Introduction of system of electronic training in the organizations of secondary, technical and professional education. The purpose of the project is providing equal conditions of access of all participants of educational process to high-quality educational services and resources on the basis of use of information and communication technologies. So far the project is introduced in 581 organizations of secondary, technical and professional education of 12 regions, the cities of Astana and Almaty. Electronic training includes the following IT infrastructure: wireless Wi-Fi, modern personal computers, laptops, multimedia projectors and digital podiums. Sets of the equipment consider 5 various types of the organizations of education: elementary, main, rural, city schools, colleges. National Information Technologies JSC


    • Earlier it was said that the quantity of allocated quotas for IVF in 2013 would be increased, was that true?
      • Answer
        16,755 marriages are registered in the republic in 2012. Thus, according to WHO experts, 5,026 people (30%) needs auxiliary reproductive technologies in the country. The similar situation is considered critical and influences demography, reduces the economic and social capacity of the state. For availability increase of highly specialized medical care in infertility treatment, since 2010 service of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) is included in the list of the guaranteed volume of free medical care. Within SMC across State Program, 2 396,3 million tenge are allocated for IVF. If in 2010 it was made 100 IVFs, in 2012 - 600. By 2015 this figure will be lead to 750. If in leading European clinics efficiency of IVF fluctuates within 35-40%, in our country this indicator is made 39% in 2011. Рress service of the Minstry of Health
    • How many people in the country have already received apartments within the program Affordable Housing 2020?
      • Answer

        Since the beginning of the implementation 2011 till September 1, 348 thousand square meters of housing loan or 5229 apartments through the housing savings have been built. More than 18 thousand people have improved their living conditions. The funds have been allocated for the housing construction through the Kazakhstan Mortgage Company this year. As a result the first apartments will be built next year. Today more than 265 thousand people are on the waiting list in the republic. Since 2015, it’s planned to build at least 1 million square meters or about 20 thousand apartments for rent and credit annually. All families from today's housing waiting list will receive apartments in 2029. As a result of implementation of the program until 2020 it is planned to build 69 million square meters of new housing, which will improve the living conditions of over 1 million families.


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