"Today, we should hand work to 25-30-year-olds, and do not be afraid of it. They will do business, we should give them a way, let them do it". This is exactly what the Head of State said at a recent meeting in honor of the Industrialization Day on December 6, 2017. However, Nursultan Nazarbayev always emphasizes the potential of young Kazakhstanis. And the potential of Kazakhstan's youth is great and promising not only in the development of the country, but also in competitiveness. At the same time, the President notes that young talents should be looked for everywhere.
In general, young people in our country are considered citizens of the age between 14 to 29 years by the legislation.
In the country, not so long ago, since 2015, there is the Law "On State Youth Policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan". The main goal of the law is to create conditions for the development of youth, its active participation in the life of the State. In general, it establishes general principles, objectives and mechanisms of state youth policy.
When we talk about youth policy, first of all, we represent youth organizations that are actively working to improve the system of organizations and develop the potential of young people, they are looking for young talents.
The youth wing "Zhas Otan", the association of legal entities "Congress of Youth of Kazakhstan", the Republican student movement "Alliance of students of Kazakhstan" and many other important for Kazakhstan youth organizations are now actively working on the development of youth policy.
The correspondent of IA "Strategy2050.kz" talked with the Heads of "Zhas Otan" and the Congress of Youth of Kazakhstan on the activities of organizations and their specific results to the youth society.
Together with the main party of the country "Nur Otan", the youth wing "Zhas Otan" is developing the Strategy "Kazakhstan-2050". Chairman of the youth wing "Zhas Otan" Daniyar Sundetbayev told what tasks the Head of the State set before "Zhas Otan" during the political meeting of the party "Nur Otan", which was held on November, 3 of this year.
"There the President spoke directly about youth and set certain tasks for the youth wing "Zhas Otan". We should become the center of youth policy, that we shoild dictate ideology. Now a lot of tasks are on the implementation of state projects and programs. After these instructions, we are now undergoing a complete modernization, we are changing the structure, approach to work. We took up the corporate culture in the environment of Zhas Otan", Daniyar Sundetbayev said.
In the largest youth organization registered more than 164 thousand young people.
"We need to work with them, we need to create communities in the regions. Today we understand that those people who pursue the policy of the President are young people. This year we increased the number of staff in the regions several times. Because we should involve more young supporters of the policy of the President in the regions. We pay great attention to the regions. The work will be conducted in rural youth", the Head of "Zhas Otan" said.
At the same time, he stressed that "Zhas Otan" is a platform where young people can realize their specific opportunities.
"We have developed this way, if there are any problems, then we should go to the party or to "Zhas Otan". We, as a youth wing, will create a platform, opportunities for young people, where they can show themselves, implement events, create their own communities. Supposably, if children are fond of fiction, they can gather and conduct activities related to the holding of cultural evenings", Daniyar Sundetbayev added.
In turn, the executive director of the association of legal entities "Congress of Youth of Kazakhstan" Aydin Sabitov noted that all implementing projects that the Congress does are also initiated by the Head of State. It should be noted that the Congress throughout the country organizes large youth forums.
"The Congress of Youth of Kazakhstan this year celebrated its 15th anniversary. To date, we are implementing a number of projects. Once every two years we take part in the organization of a youth forum, and there are several tasks ahead of us. One of these areas is military-patriotic education, which we are engaged in. Last year and this year we held the camp "Zhiger". Here the main bias is on methodological work, in addition, we are working on the development of school sports. Also, we plan to organize a big project "Sport Fest". The goal is the development of sport throughout Kazakhstan. The third direction is the development of youth tourism. In this direction, huge work is being done in the regions. In general, we are improving the youth organizations, youth movements", Aidyn Sabitov said.
This year, according to him, a great emphasis was put on military-patriotic education. Together with the Ministry of Defense and with other military structures, public organizations, the Congress is working on the development of military-patriotic movements in the Republic. Now a lot of work has already been done.
In the framework of the "Rukhani zhangyru", youth tourism develops, namely, the study of local lore directions.
Also, last year the Congress of Youth won a 20-million-dollar grant from the World Bank. The main task is to help rural youth.
"Now we have created a coordinating agency and are engaged in the implementation of this grant. In four areas work is under way. The main task is to support rural youth, to socialization, employment, leisure of young people. This year, too, much work has been done in this direction. In the next we will also strengthen this work and improve it", Aidyn Sabitov said.
Now almost all youth organizations pay attention to employment of young people.
Unemployment in general remains the main problem in the whole world, especially when it comes to youth.
For example, director of the research center "Youth" under the Ministry of Religions and Civil Society Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Talgat Kaliyev noted that there are 8 thousand vacancies in the capital of Kazakhstan in the Astana Employment Center. The proposed work is different: there are programmers, economists, etc. At the same time, there are more than 2 thousand unemployed in the city as a whole. What prevents young people from working on these vacancies, explained Talgat Kaliyev
"The main and important task now is to employ young people. All young people say that it is impossible to find a job, but there are 8,000 free vacancies in Astana. The problem remains "prestigious work". For example, young people do not want to go to simple, affordable places, but they want a place with a high salary. In many of our studies, when young graduates from high school, can not decide on their specialty. Not choosing their profession, they work in any places and think that the State should help them. 92% of young people now in the hope that the State should help them", the Head of the research center "Youth" said.
Also, as noted by T. Kaliyev, young people are not creating a family at an early age, but only from 25-28 years old.
"When young people grow up in work, they do not plan to create a family. This also remains a problem for today. This is not only our problem, but a world-class problem. How this problem can be solved? It is necessary to train young people in vocational guidance. That is, from the school age we should direct children to what specialist they want to become, they should find their profession", he stressed.
In general, the main goal of the research center is the scientific and methodological support of the state youth policy.
It should be noted that on the sidelines of the meeting of the Council on Youth Policy under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Minister of Religious and Civil Society Affairs Nurlan Yermekbayev assured that compared to other countries in Kazakhstan, the situation with youth unemployment is quite good.
"Unemployment among young people is about 4% according to our statistics, while in other countries of the world it averages 14% or more. Therefore, in terms of unemployment, especially among young people, in our country the situation is relatively good. However, the owrk in this direction continues. First of all, it is necessary to solve the problems of rural youth or young people who did not pass the testing of UNT. They are given the opportunity to receive technical or other specialties in demand on the labor market", N. Yermekbayev said.
The XXth Council on Youth Policy under the President reviewed the implementation of activities aimed at ensuring employment of young people, as well as the work plan of the Council for 2018.
Once again, I would like to note the words of the President that the State creates the necessary conditions for the development and realization of the potential of the younger generation.
As N. Nazarbayev said at one of the youth forums, the 21st century is not only an epoch of global challenges, but also the time of young, energetic and talented people.
"In Kazakhstan today every fourth citizen is a representative of the younger generation. I am glad that you master knowledge, foreign languages, and strive to be open to innovation. Among you, there are many children whose mind and knowledge are already benefiting the Motherland", Nursultan Nazarbayev said.
Photos from open sources